UNESCO released a recommendation last year with the first international framework for open science policy and practice. This is something every researcher and institution should be aware of and strive for. Science is an amazing endeavor, but it can be more diverse, inclusive, and fairer.
The four pillars of open science
- Open scientific knowledge (publications, research data, educational resources, software, hardware)
- Open science infrastructures (virtual or physical instruments, equipments, platforms, repositories)
- Open engagement of societal actors (crowdfunding, crowdsourcing, volunteering, citizen science)
- Open dialogue with other knowledge systems (indigenous peoples, marginalized scholars, local communities)
The definition of open science
For the purpose of this Recommendation, open science is defined as an inclusive construct that combines various movements and practices aiming to make multilingual scientific knowledge openly available, accessible and reusable for everyone, to increase scientific collaborations and sharing of information for the benefits of science and society, and to open the processes of scientific knowledge creation, evaluation and communication to societal actors beyond the traditional scientific community. It comprises all scientific disciplines and aspects of scholarly practices, including basic and applied sciences, natural and social sciences and the humanities, and it builds on the following key pillars: open scientific knowledge, open science infrastructures, science communication, open engagement of societal actors and open dialogue with other knowledge systems.