notes biology


It must be emphasized that statistical hypotheses are to be stated before data are collected to test them. To propose hypotheses after examination of data can invalidate a statistical test. One may, however, legitimately formulate hypotheses after inspecting data if a new set of data is then collected with which to test the hypotheses.

Book: Biostatistical Analysis (Third Edition)
Author: Jerrold H. Zar
Page: 79

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