Categories
notes biology

Mechanobiology conference

Mechanobiology investigates the role of physical forces in embryonic development. I’ll present my work on how the fold that divides the head from the trunk in Drosophila embryos may have an important mechanical role in gastrulation. The conference Mechanobiology in development and disease is happening in the EMBL Heidelberg.

Categories
notes biology

True Facts: Sea Stars

The latest True Facts about Sea Stars is unmissable. The video is filled with delightful echinoderm biology and even covers some recent discoveries on these enigmatic creatures. Watch it!

Categories
notes biology

The Spiral

The Spiral
The snail Littorina angulifera (photo by Alvaro E. Migotto). Cifonauta marine biology image database http://cifonauta.cebimar.usp.br/media/9396/

Here’s a personal view about body symmetry and body openings from someone who lived through the evolution of bilateral symmetry.

Form? I didn’t have any; that is, I didn’t know I had one, or rather I didn’t know you could have one. I grew more or less on all sides, at random; if this is what you call radial symmetry, I suppose I had radial symmetry, but to tell you the truth I never paid any attention to it. Why should I have grown more on one side than on the other? I had no eyes, no head, no part of the body that was different from any other part; now I try to persuade myself that the two holes I had were a mouth and an anus, and that I therefore already had my bilateral symmetry, just like the trilobites and the rest of you, but in my memory I really can’t tell those holes apart, I passed stuff from whatever side I felt like, inside or outside was the same, differences and repugnances came along much later.

Excerpt from The Spiral, a tale in the delightful Cosmicomics collection of science-inspired short stories by Italo Calvino.
Categories
biology notes

Platynereis or Spotify?

Every time I open Spotify, I see the pattern of engrailed expression in an early Platynereis larva. Once you see it, there is no turning back!

Platynereis or Spotify?
The similarity between engrailed expression in Platynereis and the Spotify logo. A) Whole-mount in situ hybridization of engrailed in a 48h larva of the annelid Platynereis dumerilii (Prud’homme et al. 2003). B) Illustration of engrailed expression pattern in Platynereis. C) Spotify logo. D) Illustration of adapted Spotify logo.

Reference

Prud’homme, B., de Rosa, R., Arendt, D., Julien, J.-F., Pajaziti, R., Dorresteijn, A. W. C., Adoutte, A., Wittbrodt, J., & Balavoine, G. (2003). Arthropod-like expression patterns of engrailed and wingless in the annelid Platynereis dumerilii suggest a role in segment formation. Current Biology: CB, 13(21), 1876–1881. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2003.10.006

Categories
notes biology imaging

Brachiopod larva in the Nikon Small World 2021

This image of a brachiopod larva was selected in the Nikon Small World 2021 photomicrography competition!

screenshot 20210918 094027 brave1441489128638992960
Categories
imaging biology notes

A mitotic wave

A mitotic wave traveling through an early #Drosophila #embryo #FlyFriday

3D HisGap cleavage cover
Early syncytial embryo of the fly Drosophila melanogaster. Nuclei (blue) are dividing in a wave from posterior to anterior. Membrane components (white) are already organized around the nuclei. The image is a frame from a timelapse acquired under lightsheet microscopy and rendered in 3D.
Categories
biology imaging notes

The blastopore of bryozoan embryos

This is a bryozoan embryo exhibiting its blastopore. These animals are discreet but ubiquitous in oceans and lakes all over the world.

Bryozoan embryo during gastrulation revealing its blastopore.
Embryo of the bryozoan Membranipora membranacea under confocal microscopy.

What we see is the DNA inside the nucleus of the cells of the embryo. The color gradient indicates if the nuclei are closer (yellow) or further away (purple) from the microscope camera.

The embryonic cells are arranged in a circle and form a central opening that we call the blastopore. This opening, in bryozoans, will become the mouth of the animal after the embryo develops.

You can follow the process on video or learn more details in the paper.

What about our mouth, where does it come from?

Categories
notes biology

Living entoprocts

Live footage of entoprocts! Tiny colonial invertebrates that capture food with a crown of ciliated tentacles

Categories
biology notes

Cifonauta’s 8th anniversary

Cifonauta, our image database for marine biology is 8 years old today! Almost 12k photos and videos annotated with species names, geolocation, habitat, life mode, microscopy technique and more.

Visit: http://cifonauta.cebimar.usp.br Follow: @cifonauta

Cifonauta 8th anniversary
Categories
biology imaging notes

Chubby ribbon worm

A chubby ribbon worm juvenile #Nemertean #WormWednesday

Chubby ribbon worm
Juvenile specimen of the nemertean Lineus ruber under wide field fluorescence microscopy. Magenta: Nuclei; Green: F-actin.